21. Blockade and the peninsular campaign (Имя числительное)

Сводная таблица времен глаголов.

Время/залог

Present

Past

Future

Simple

Active

Do (does) Work (works)

Did Worked

Done Will work

Passive

Am done (is done, are done Am worked (is worked, are worked)

Was done (were done)

Was worked (were worked)

Will be done

Will be worked

Continuous

Active

Am doing (is doing, are doing)

Was doing (were doing)

Will be doing

Passive

Am being done (is being done, are being done Am being worked (is being worked, are being worked)

Was being done (were being done)

Was being worked (were being worked)

Нет

Perfect

Active

Have done (has done) Have worked (has worked)

Had done

Had worked

Will have done

Will have worked

Passive

Have been done (has been done) Have been worked (has been worked)

Had been done

Had been worked

Will have been done

Will have been worked

Perfect continuous

Active

Have been doing (has been doing) Have been working (has been working)

Had been doing

Had been working

Will have been doing

Will have been working

Passive

Нет

Нет

Нет

Проверочные тесты

Переведите предложения на английский язык (использование всех времен):

  • 1. Моя сестра была вчера в кино.
  • — Му sister is not in the cinema yesterday. (Present Simple)
  • — My sister was in the cinema yesterday. (Past Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 2. Я всегда помогаю маме по дому.
  • — I always help mother about the house. (Present Simple)
  • — I always helps mother about the house. (Past Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 3. Моя сестра работает в этом офисе.
  • — Му sister work at this office. (Present Simple)
  • — My sister works at this office. (Present Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 4. Коля не любит яблоки.
  • — Nick doesn’t like apples. (Present Simple)
  • — Nick does not like apples. (Present Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 5. Мой брат не любит читать газеты.
  • — Му brother doesn’t like to read news-papers. (Present Simple)
  • — My brother does not like to read news-papers. (Present Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 6. Он закончит перевод статьи к понедельнику.
  • — Не will have finished the translation of the article by Monday. (Future Perfect Simple)
  • — He will has finished the translation of the article by Monday. (Future Perfect Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 7. Дождь прекратился и ярко светит солнце.
  • — It has stopped raining and the sun is shining brightly. (Present Perfect Simple, Present Progressive)
  • — It have stopped raining and the sun is shining brightly. (Present Perfect Simple, Present Progressive)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 8. Он нам что-то говорил, но мы ничего не слышали.
  • — Не was speaking to us something but we didn’t hear anything. (Past Progressive, Past Simple)
  • — He has speaking to us something but we didn’t hear anything. (Past Progressive, Past Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верпы.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 9. Петр обычно завтракает в 8 часов утра.
  • — Peter usually have breakfast at 8 o’clock in the morning. (Present Simple)
  • — Peter usually has breakfast at 8 o’clock in the morning. (Present Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.
  • 10. Последнее время я не видел их.
  • — I haven’t seen them lately. (Present Perfect Simple)
  • — I has not seen them lately. (Present Perfect Simple)
  • — Оба перевода верны.
  • — Нет правильных ответов.

Правильные ответы 123456789 10

2 12 3 3 1112 1

Комментарии к тексту

Наиболее важными событиями войны Наполеона с Великобритаией были континентальная блокада и подготовка к сражению.

Первый уровень

Napoleon tried to induce capitulation, [пэ'рэийэп] [traid] [tu:] [m'dju:s] [kazpitjvzleij(a)n]

It was the plan of stifling the British economy, [it] [woz] [do] [plaen] [dv] ['staifliij] [da] ['bntrj] [fkonami]

Napoleon could no longer think of invading England, [na'pauhan] [kvd] [пае] [loija] [Oipk][ov] [rn'veidir)] ['ipgland]

It was the main coalition between France, Spain and Portugal, [it] [woz] [da] [mem] [zkat>azhf(a)n] [bi'twim] [frams] [spem] [

Soon the Iberian Peninsula was in Napoleon’s arms, [sum] [di] [ai'bi(a)nan] [pf nmsjula] [woz] [in] [na'pavhanz] [a:mz]

It became a bridgehead on the Continent for the British, [it] [bi'keim] [a] ['bndjhed] [on] [da] ['kontinant] [fa:] [da] ['bntij]

Napoleon's prestige wanted the sensational blows to Britain, [na'pauhanz] [prezsti:j] ['wontid] [da] [sen'seij(a)nal] [blauz] [tu:] [bntn]

At the Congress of Erfurt Napoleon asked Alexander I of help, [aet] [da] ['kongres] [ov] [erfu:t] [na'pauhan] [o:skd] [,aehg'zaenda] [da] [fa:st] [ov] [help]

Alexander I was Russian tsar. [,aehg'zaenda] [da] [fa:st] [woz] ['гл/(э)п] [zo:]

It was on September—October 1808. [it] [woz] [on] [sep'temba] [ok'tavba] [ei'tim] [eit]

Задание 1. Выписать транскрипцию каждого слова.

Задание 2. Перевести текст.

Задание 3. Текст выучить наизусть.

Второй уровень

  • 1. Napoleon could no longer think of invading England.
  • 2. He tried to induce capitulation by stifling the British economy.
  • 3. By closing all of Europe to British merchandise.
  • 4. He hoped to bring about a revolt of the British unemployed that could force the government to sue for peace.
  • 5. He forbade all trade with the British Isles.
  • 6. He ordered the confiscation of all goods coming from English factories or from the British colonies.
  • 7. He condemned as fair prize not only every British ship but also every ship that had touched the coasts of England or its colonies.
  • 8. For the blockade to succeed, it had to be enforced rigorously throughout Europe.
  • 9. From the beginning, England’s old ally Portugal showed itself reluctant to comply.
  • 10. For the blockade would mean its commercial ruin.

Задание 4. Закончите письменно предложения согласно тексту:

A.

The headline of this text is ...

The main idea of this text is ...

This text consists of... parts.

The fierst part is about...

The 2-nd part is about...

The 3-d part is about...

Concluding the text ...

B.

Napoleon could no longer__________________________________________________

He tried to induce capitulation by__________________________________________________

By closing all of___

He hoped to bring about a revolt of the British unemployed that could

He forbade all trade with____________________

He ordered the confiscation of all goods coming from

He condemned as fair prize not only every British ship but also every ship that

For the blockade to succeed, it had to_____________________________________________

From the beginning, England’s old ally_______________

For the blockade would_______________________________________________________

Третий уровень

  • 1. As Napoleon could no longer think of invading England, he tried to induce capitulation by stifling the British economy. By closing all of Europe to British merchandise, he hoped to bring about a revolt of the British unemployed that could force the government to sue for peace. He forbade all trade with the British Isles, ordered the confiscation of all goods coming from English factories or from the British colonies, and condemned as fair prize not only every British ship but also every ship that had touched the coasts of England or its colonies.
  • 2. For the blockade to succeed, it had to be enforced rigorously throughout Europe. But from the beginning, England’s old ally Portugal showed itself reluctant to comply, for the blockade would mean its commercial ruin. Napoleon decided to break down Portuguese opposition by force. Charles IV of Spain let the French troops cross his kingdom, and they occupied Lisbon; but the prolonged presence of Napoleon’s soldiers in the north of Spain led to insurrection. When Charles IV abdicated in favour of his son Ferdinand VII, Napoleon, seeing the opportunity to rid Europe of its last Bourbon rulers, summoned the Spanish royal family to Bayonne in April 1808 and obtained the abdication of both Charles and Ferdinand; they were interned in Talleyrand’s chateau. After the bloody suppression of an uprising in Madrid, insurrection spread across the whole country, for the Spaniards would not accept Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, as their new king.
  • 3. The subsequent defeat of his forces in Spain and Portugal were sensational blows to Napoleon’s prestige. Soon the Iberian Peninsula, up in arms, became a bridgehead on the Continent for the British. Under the energetic Arthur Wellesley (later 1st duke of Wellington), in command from 1809, the Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese forces were to achieve decisive successes.
  • 4. At the Congress of Erfurt (September-October 1808), a conference with Alexander I, Napoleon assembled a great concourse of princes to impress the Russian emperor in an attempt to extract promises of help. Whether impressed or not, Alexander would make no definite commitment. Alexander’s refusal, furthermore, was partly prompted by Talleyrand, who had become dismayed by Napoleon’s policies and was already negotiating with the Russian emperor behind his master’s back.
  • 5. By early 1809, however, with most of the Grande Armee thrown into Spain, Napoleon seemed on the point of overcoming the revolt. Then, in April, Austria launched an attack in Bavaria in the hope of rousing all Germany against the French. Napoleon once again defeated the Habsburgs (July 6) and by the Treaty of Schznbrunn (October 14, 1809) obtained the Illyrian Provinces, thus rounding out the continental system.

Задание 5.

А. Пересскажите текст.

This text is about ...

5.B. Перескажите текст, используя следующие слова и выражения:

Throughout Europe — через Европу could no longer think

the British Isles — Британские острова

5.С. Составьте предложения, используя следующие слова и выражения:

all goods coming

of all goods from the British colonies as fair prize

the coasts of England its colonies For the blockade to succeed to be enforced rigorously

throughout Europe From the beginning to comply commercial ruin

it had to be enforced - to have to (to ought to)

to induce

capitulation

by stifling

the British economy

By closing

to British merchandise

to bring about a revolt of

to sue for peace

all trade

with the British Isles

the confiscation

 
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